Education and Fragility Newsletter
July 2013
Mark Your Calendar

US Launch of the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack
Date: 13 August 2013
Venue: Washington, D.C.

Knowledge Capsule

Did you know…there were more than 3,600 attacks on education in 2012, up from 1,600 the previous year. More than 70 percent of those were in Syria: Since the start of the war there, 3,900 schools have either been destroyed, damaged, or are being occupied for other uses, and 22 percent of the country's schools are now unusable. Other types of attacks on schooling include "killings, disappearances, abductions, forced exile, imprisonment, torture, maiming, rape and sexual violence and the recruitment of child soldiers.
- Save the Chlidren

Sound Bite

“Let us pick up our books and our pens. They are our most powerful weapons. One child, one teacher, one book, and one pen can change the world. Education is the only solution." 
-  Malala Yousafzai, speaking youth leaders at the United Nations Youth Assembly on July 12, 2013 in New York City.

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Dear INEE Members,

Welcome to the INEE Education and Fragility Newsletter for the month of July 2013.

This newsletter contains information and resources of interest and relevance to those working in education in fragile and conflict-affected contexts, and updates on activities of the INEE Working Group on Education and Fragility and its member agencies.

We encourage you to share with us any education and fragility resources and information for inclusion in our upcoming Newsletters. Please forward your suggestions with related attachments and web links to

INEE Education and Fragility Secretariat,
on behalf of the INEE Working Group on Education and Fragility
  In this Newsletter  
Working Group Corner
  • Minutes of the WGEF Biannual Meeting (Paris, France, April 2013)
Conflict Sensitive Education Corner
On the Spotlight:
  • Video: What is Conflict Sensitive Education? - now in YouTube!
Spreading the Word on CSE:
News Work Bench
  • Policy Paper: Children Still Battling to Go to School
  • Report: Attacks on Education
  • Report: Education, Fragility and Conflict
  • ReportExamining the Evidence in Youth Education in Crisis and Conflict
  • Report: Understanding and Tackling Violence Outside of Armed Conflict Settings
Coming Up
  • Event: Conflict-Sensitive Approaches to Education in Fragile & Conflict-Affected Environments
  Working Group Corner  

Minutes of the Working Group on Education and Fragility Biannual Meeting
INEE Working Group on Education and Fragility

This is the minutes from the biannual meeting of the members of Working Group on Education and Fragility, which was held on 9-10 April 2013 in Paris, France.

The highlights of the meeting included:
  • Major achievements of the working group were reviewed and next steps were identified.
  • The Working Group’s Advocacy Strategy was presented, and synergies between the Working Group’s core activities and the advocacy goals were mapped out.
  • The WG decided to extend its mandate by 1 year (October 2013 - September 2014), and to begin a new mandate of the WG in October 2014 - September 2016.
To read the full minutes, please click here.
  Conflict Sensitive Education Corner  
To learn more about INEE's work on conflict sensitive education,
visit the INEE website and the INEE Toolkit.

United States Launch of the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack
FHI 360, Save the Children US

Date: 13 August 2013,  2:30 pm - 4:00 pm EST
Venue: Washington, DC; venue details given with invitation (see below)

FHI 360 and Save the Children US are hosting a regional launch of the Conflict Sensitive Education Pack
The launch will gather some 100 high-level education practitioners and policy makers to promote the common approaches, mechanisms and tools that can help ensure that education in conflict affected contexts supports stabilization, peace building processes and the prevention of violence. Additionally, the event will generate discussions around best practices for developing education policies, plans and programs in conflict affected and fragile contexts.
The event will include:
  • Expert panelists Christie Vilsack and Carol Bellamy share reflections on the field of education in conflict-affected and fragile states;
  • Official launch and overview of the education strategies and resources; and
  • Opportunities to interact and network with regional education in emergencies actors.
If you would like to attend this event, please contact Jessica Kovarik at for an invitation by August, 7th.

In the Spotlight
VIDEO: What is Conflict Sensitive Education? - Now on Youtube!

Education in conflict-affected and fragile contexts remains an unfulfilled promise. Of the 61 million children worldwide who are out of primary school, 28 million girls and boys live in conflict-affected fragile states (EFA Global Monitoring Report 2011).
Education policies and programmes that only focus on technical solutions are not sufficient to address the challenges found in conflict-affected and fragile contexts. If attention to conflict is not integrated into education policy and programming, there is a risk that education investments will increase tensions.
It is crucial that all humanitarian, development, and educational programmes respond to the context and the dynamics of the conflict by being "conflict-sensitive," both minimizing negative impacts and maximizing positive impacts.
To watch the video, please click here.
To learn more about other resources and tools in the Conflict Sensitive Education Pack, please click here.
Spreading the Word on CSE
Promotional Materials on CSE Pack

In order to support promotional efforts around conflict sensitive education and the INEE Conflict Sensitive Education Pack, INEE has developed the following materials:
The materials are available on the INEE website and the INEE Toolkit.

We encourage you to use these resources and share your experiences with us through the User Feedback Form!

Draft Lucens Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict
Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA)

GCPEA has devoted much of the last year to an issue that substantially increases the likelihood of attacks on schools and universities:  their use by armed forces and armed groups for military purposes.

Following extensive consultations with representatives from governments, militaries, UN agencies, and international humanitarian and human rights organizations, GCPEA just recently released the Draft Lucens Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict.

GCPEA is currently reaching out to states, multilateral institutions, and other organizations to garner support for their adoption, endorsement, and implementation. These Draft Guidelines draw on GCPEA’s study, Lessons in War: Military Use of Schools and Other Education Institutions in Conflict, which documents the widespread use of schools and universities for purposes such as barracks, bases, weapons caches, and interrogation sites.

To learn more about this document and the The Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack, please click here.
  Work Bench  

Policy Paper: Children Still Battling to Go to School
EFA Global Monitoring Report

The EFA Global Monitoring Report produced a new policy paper updating its calculations on the extent to which conflict is impacting on children’s education around the world, which was released in time for Malala’s 16th birthday.

This report is very important to the education in emergencies community given it shows an increase in out-of-school children in conflict settings, and a decrease in humanitarian funding for education.

The key findings in this new paper, Children still battling to go to school, include:
  • Any benefits of the slow progress in reducing the number of children out of school has not reached those living in conflict-affected countries: Half of all children out of school – 28.5 million – were living in countries affected by conflict in 2011 – an increase from 42% in 2008. The majority of these children are girls.
  • 20 million out of school adolescents were living in countries affected by conflict in 2011, of which 11 million are female.
  • The share of humanitarian aid to education is not only very small, but has even declined: Education receives only 1.4% of humanitarian aid, a reduction from 2.2% three years ago. In addition, these funds meet only just over a quarter of the amount needed, the largest gap registered for any sector, leaving a funding deficiency of $221 million.
To access the paper, please click here. 
For other language version: French and Spanish
To read their recent blog on this subject, please click here.

Attacks on Education
Save the Children

The number of recorded attacks on education has increased in recent years. Global reports show these confrontations and acts of violence are widespread in a number of on-going conflicts. Based on UN data, Save the Children estimates that there were more than 3,600 separate, documented attacks on education in 2012.
Save the Children is calling on world leaders to tackle this crisis and commit to the following:
  • Protect education by criminalizing attacks on education, prohibiting the use of schools by armed groups, and working with schools and communities to adopt local measures to preserve schools as centers for learning.
  • Cover the funding gap by increasing the current levels of humanitarian funding to education and progressively work towards reaching a minimum of 4 percent of global humanitarian funding.
To download the report, please click here.
Education, Fragility, and Conflict

This special issue of Prospects attempts to respond to and goes well beyond expanding the literature on the relationship between education, fragility and conflict.

The articles in this issue highlight the need for complex understanding and evidence to fully grasp the role education should play in societal development—a multi-faceted, participatory, long-term process, whose ultimate aim is to empower the people.
In this issue, the editorial "The politics of education, fragility and conflict" by Clementina Acendo  and the article "Introduction—Understanding education, fragility and conflict' by Lene Buchert can be viewed online and downloaded for free. 

To preview the rest of the articles in and/or purchase this issue, please click here.

Examining the Evidence in Youth Education in Crisis and Conflict

This paper provides a summary of the literature review of 33 studies that were published between 2001 and 2012 on youth education in crisis- and conflict-affected settings.

First, it describes the unique situation of youth in crisis- and conflict-affected environments. It then discusses the role of education and youth engagement in these contexts. An analysis of the trends in the field to increase positive youth outcomes is also included.

Next, the paper presents a framework for investigating the impact of interventions focused on youth outcomes,as well as evidence from the research.

Lastly, areas in need of further investigation are identified in order to assist USAID Office of Education in setting priorities for future research and evaluation activities.

To download the full report, please click here.
Understanding and Tackling Violence Outside of Armed Conflict Settings
Institute of Development Studies UK

Understanding and tackling violence that occurs outside of armed conflict settings is essential to improving the wellbeing of some of the world’s poorest communities. Whilst advances have been made in terms of designing policies that address violence in fragile or conflict-affected countries, progress has been slower in relation to dealing with violence happening outside of these settings.

New forms of violence, such as organised crime and political instability, often arise in states which have undergone rapid economic growth and social transformation. These forms of violence are difficult to address because they are part of the very structures and processes that drive and shape development.
This policy briefing asserts that current responses have often been unsuccessful and fresh approaches are required - which need to be driven by communities, civil society and young people, as well as the state and international donors. They must also be underpinned, the authors continue, by a better understanding of how violence affects the poor and what works in terms of interventions.

To download this policy briefing, please click here.
  Coming Up  
12th UKFIET International Conference on Education and Development
Education and Development Post 2015 Reflecting, Reviewing, Re-visioning

Date: 10-12 September 2013
Venue: University of Oxford, UK

The 12th UKFIET International Conference on Education and Development provides an international platform to examine the research and the evidence that should inform the construction of education and development frameworks beyond 2015.

The conference invites delegates to:
  • REFLECT upon the origins, evolution and effects of previous global education development movements;
  • REVIEW accomplishments and challenges arising from the 1990-2015 era, and;
  • RE-VISION education and development for the Post-2015 period.
In this conference, UNESCO-IIEP and INEE will hold a symposium entitled “Rebuilding resilience in a changing world: Conflict and crisis sensitive approaches to planning and programming for education systems”. Senior policy makers together with development partners will discuss how crisis-sensitive planning can be effectively integrated into education systems.

Session 1 of this conference focuses on policies and programming from South Sudan, Haiti and Palestine; Session 2 highlights current work from DFID, UNESCO-IIEP, UNICEF and INEE; and Session 3 brings the two panels together for deeper reflection and discussion through a guided debate.
For more information, please click here.
The Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE) is an open global network of practitioners, students, teachers, staff from UN agencies, non-governmental organizations, donos, governments and universities who work together to ensure all persons the right to quality, relevant and safe educational opportunities. INEE is a vibrant and dynamic inter-agency forum that fosters collaborative resource development and knowledge sharing and informs policy through consensus-driven advocacy. INEE also has a website with a wide range of resources for those working on education in emergencies, chronic crises and early recovery
Copyright © 2013 Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies (INEE), All rights reserved. If you re-print, copy, archive or re-post this message please retain this disclaimer. Quotations or extracts should include attribution to the original sources.

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