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June 2016 - Top
News and Conclusions from E-Mobility Works:
 Integration of E-mobility in European municipalities and businesses

Key results of the E-Mobility Works project presented at its Final Conference


As announced in this event’s programme, the Conference drew conclusions from the E-Mobility Works project which developed local E-mobility action plans through a close cooperation between municipalities, businesses and stakeholders in their delivery and construction.

Eva Stadtschreiber, the project coordinator (Graz Energy Agency), reminded the main activities undertaken during the project in accordance to each target group. While municipalities were assisted in developing “E-action plans” and in starting their implementation, businesses were consulted, informed and motivated in this regard. 

As presented by Thekla Heinel (Beratungs-und Service-Gesellschaft Umwelt mbH, Berlin), the approach of the E-Mobility Works partners can be deconstructed in FIVE steps to success:
  1. Commitment of decision makers: a total of 33 municipalities were involved and intensive discussions were initiated with stakeholders as well and in the City councils. Obtaining a clear commitment from the Mayors and other political representatives is the first step. The relevant divisions of the administration (climate protection, transport, public relations …) need as well to be on board.
  2. Inclusion of local stakeholders: this phase is fundamental in order to inform the stakeholders, create a local network, involve the target groups and create effective business models.
  3. Status quo analysis: the SWOT analysis needed to be undertaken in collaboration with the stakeholders and will become the basis for any future activity and funding.
  4. Action Plan development: the plans were all based on tailor made approaches in order to tap existing potentials. The majority of the plans were officially adopted by the political representatives and investment decisions were taken.
  5. Implementation of the Action plan: more than 50% of the planned measures are already implemented or ongoing. These measures included investments in new vehicles, free parking zones, installation of public charging stations, revision of public procurement rules, information, dissemination and consulting measures as well as creation of car and bike sharing services.
These five steps ensured sustainable results as they combined systematic integration in municipal processes, mobilisation of stakeholders and implementation of concrete measures. The results of this approach were clearly presented. 29 municipalities developed E-mobility action plans of which more than 50% of the planned measures were already implemented. During the course of the project more than 168 companies were consulted and a total of 500 stakeholders were approached and informed. 398 new vehicles were purchased and 118 new charging stations were built. Catalysed investments amount to EUR 5.5 million.

Romanian municipalities take their first steps towards E-Mobility


The municipalities of Alba Iulia (Alba County), Bistrita (Bistrita-Nasaud County), Ploiesti (Prahova County) and Baia Mare (Maramures County) showed interest in elaborating E-mobility Action Plans.  The measures were related to electric urban transportation, implementation of charging infrastructures, tax cuts for E-vehicle owners, tourist transportation systems, awareness raising/information campaigns.

Alba Iulia and Bistrita, more eager to roll out tourism-related actions have already implemented some of these measures. Alba Iulia set up the infrastructure for E-vehicle sharing inside its touristic zone, whereas Bistrita made the first step towards the implementation of the Green Line, a dedicated line for E-buses to transport passengers into the touristic city Centre. The Green Line is planned to be financed with structural funds under the Regional Operational Programme. Ploiesti and Baia Mare focused on green public transportation with electrical trams and buses. Nevertheless, all four municipalities set as priority the acquisition of E-buses with financial support under the axis of the Regional Operational Programme. Alba Iulia also focuses on implementing charging stations to power E-vehicles with 100% renewable energy from local production.

Compared to the other member states of the EU, the Romanian E-mobility market is merely at the beginning mainly because of the high purchase price of e-vehicles, financial constraints of municipalities, lack of national supporting programmes and not the least because of certain prejudices related to cost effectiveness of the E-cars. Only few municipalities (mainly Covenant of Mayors signatories) have undertaken E-mobility related actions in their Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAPs).

Romanian experts conclude that the best way to address the taking – up of E-mobility Action Plans in municipalities is to include them in the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMP) which are mandatory by legislation for certain municipalities. The approach is therefore to integrate the E-mobility Action Plans in the broader SUMPs ensuring commitment and continuity to the plan. Difficulties met in the development of E-mobility need to be addressed in a concerted manner by all stakeholders with concrete financial support by local governments, flexibility in the offers of car manufacturers and by faster implementation of the charging infrastructure. In this respect, setting up local networks (municipalities, businesses, local and national, institutions, energy agencies etc.) are crucial to ensure proper development and continuous information related to E-mobility in general.


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Spanish municipalities focus on E-Mobility education


The Spanish municipalities of Calatayud (Province of Zaragoza), Logroño (Province of La Rioja), Zaragoza and Tarazona (Province of Zaragoza) accepted to participate in the E-Mobility Works project. Calatayud took the lead by supporting purchasers of E-vehicles through actions such as the renewal of the municipal fleet, the installing of two charging points for the municipal staff as well as regulatory changes in E-vehicles taxes.  As part of the municipal fleet renewal plan and with an investment of EUR 35 000, two new 100% electric vans joined the fleet of the City reaching an annual saving of 25 000 kgs of CO2 emissions. The action plan seeks a total renewal of the fleet with the lowest polluting vehicles by 2020. 

Within the framework of the E-Mobility Works project, the Fundacion San Valero (of the Grupo San Valero) has organised several workshops to promote the project and to boost the connections between relevant companies, key decision makers and institutions in order to create "critical mass" in this sector. The workshops included driving tests which enabled the attending public to test electric vehicles and appreciate the driving experience. Although the Spanish participating municipalities are going forward with supporting E-mobility through action plans, the current political instability does not permit the continuity of actions. Local strategies do start being implemented but rarely continue due to the changes of teams in municipalities and representatives of corresponding departments.

The Spanish Government had expressed its wish to encourage the sale of electric cars. The National Plan for Renewable Energies 2011–2020 set as a target the incorporation of new electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles, which are projected to account for 10% of the total fleet by 2020, which would translate into 2.5 million of these vehicles by that date. In 2014, a new line of incentives for purchasing electric vehicles “MOVELE 2014” (followed by MOVELE 2015) was introduced with a budget of EUR 10 million, it aimed at encouraging the purchase of around 3 500 electric, plug-in hybrid or extended range electric vehicles. The on-going MOVEA Plan is a continuation of these programmes and has a budget of EUR 16.6 million for 2016. The subsidies are used for direct purchase as well as for renting or leasing of new vehicles. The beneficiaries can be individuals, self-employed people, private companies, local authorities or autonomous communities.

However the up-scaling effects of these subsidy schemes are slowed down by the political instability above-mentioned, as well as by a lack of sufficient charging stations. In 2016 only 900 charging stations exist in Spain, whereas countries such as the United Kingdom have deployed up to 5962 charging stations, 6580 in France and 5218 in Norway. companies such as Ikea or El Corte Ingles asked the Ministry of Industry the authorisation to install electric charging stations at their centres in order to enable their clients to recharge their vehicles while shopping. However the current legal framework prohibits such companies from becoming charge managers (source: La Vanguardia).
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This newsletter is produced by the E-Mobility Works project.
 
Edited by FEDARENE
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