- Headache, dizziness, or fainting
- Weakness and wet skin
- Irritability or confusion
- Thirst, nausea, or vomiting
- Rapid breathing and/or heart racing
- Swelling in extremities
What to do:
- May be confused, unable to think clearly
- May pass out, collapse, or have seizures (fits)
- May stop sweating
- Red and/or hot skin (like a sunburn)
- Get person out of the sun and into shade.
- Loosen Clothing
- Rub arms and legs so that the hot blood circulates
- Mist them with cool (not cold) water, and/or wipe down with a cool, wet towel, and fan them.
- It may help with dizziness if the person lays down on their back and elevates their feet (15-20 centimeters).
- Offer water if they are conscious and able to swallow.
Never leave the person alone. Call 9-1-1 right away for heat stroke symptoms. Or, if the person does not begin to feel better within an hour. When you call for help, be prepared to:
- Describe all symptoms and first aid rendered.
- Give specific and clear directions to the work site.
If 9-1-1 isn't necessary, an employee with heat exhaustion should not return to work for the day and should seek medical attention.