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December 2018

Hello <<First Name>>!

Welcome to the last newsletter of the year! To round off 2018, we'll be hearing from Amanda Mace, Web Key's Operational Manager. We would also like to wish you a wonderful holiday season and all the best for 2019.

A WCAG 2.1 Overview

It was a long time in the making but there is genuine excitement over the additional 17 Success Criteria (SC) released in W3C’s Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG). As many of you are aware, WCAG version 2.1 was released this past June. Everyone has had a few months to adjust, understand and get behind these new SC. We have seen a spike in recent weeks of clients asking for 2.1 testing and advice. This is a fantastic trend, not only because the new criteria ensure a more accessible web for all, but also because you, our customers, are initiating it.

The new criteria focussed on issues affecting cognitive, low vision and mobile users. Here is a breakdown of all the new level A and level AA SC:


1.3.4 Orientation (AA)

This SC ensures content and functionality are available in both landscape and portrait view.

1.3.5 Identify Input Purpose (AA)

Programmatically declaring specific kinds of data expected in an input field makes filling out forms easier. This is also a win for those of us who appreciate auto-fill or autocomplete when filling online forms.

1.4.10 Reflow (AA)

No more horizontal scrolling when zoomed up to 400%. Truthfully, a good robust mobile responsive design solves this issue nicely.

1.4.11 Non-Text Contrast (AA)

UI components and graphical objects now have a colour contrast requirement of at least a 3:1 ratio.

1.4.12 Text Spacing (AA)

This SC says that users need to be able to adjust line height as well as spacing between letters, words and paragraphs; and doing so shouldn't break the content, it should still work and be readable.

1.4.13 Content on Hover or Focus (AA)

Pop ups that appear on keyboard focus or mouse hover need to be able to be closed without moving the focus.

2.1.4 Character Key Shortcuts (A)

Your special shortcut keys may interfere with shortcuts for assistive technology (AT). This SC requires that you give the user the ability to turn off or remap your shortcuts, so it doesn’t interfere with their AT.

2.5.1 Pointer Gestures (A)

Swiping on a touchscreen or multi-point gestures such as a two-finger pinch/zoom may not be possible for some users.  This SC ensures there is a single point gesture for those features – a ‘zoom in’ and ‘zoom out’ button for example.

2.5.2 Pointer Cancellation (A)

This SC ensures nothing is activated on down-event. If a user clicks on a target, it should activate on the up-event, not the down-event.

2.5.3 Label in Name (A)

Label in Name particularly helps users who use speech-to-text AT. Components should programmatically contain the text that is visually seen so users can call out the right command for the component.

2.5.4 Motion Actuation (A)

“Shake to shuffle the deck” seems like a great enhancer for a game, and it may well be, but if you have any kind of motion requirement, make sure you can a) turn it off and b) provide an easy alternative to perform that function, like a button.

4.1.3 Status Messages (AA)

It’s important that status messages can be perceived by all users. This SC tells us to code those messages, so they can be presented to users by their AT without focus taking them away from what they are doing. For those of you into coding, ARIA live polite is a great solution for this.

Five of the new SC fall under level AAA. Adding some level AAA wins is a great show of your willingness to go ‘above and beyond’ the set requirements to avoid litigation. The new AAA level SC include:
  • 1.3.6 Identify Purpose
  • 2.2.6 Timeouts
  • 2.3.3 Animation from Interactions
  • 2.5.5 Target Size
  • 2.5.6 Concurrent Input Mechanisms

These new criteria are an important step forward for digital accessibility. We are now offering testing and training for WCAG 2.1 if you haven’t already, get in touch with us to discuss how we can help you transition to the new WCAG 2.1 standard.

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Human Rights and Technology Issues Paper

On November 15th, our Director, Vivienne Conway was invited by the Australian Human Rights Commission to attend a Round Table to discuss the “Human Rights and Technology Issues Paper”.  This discussion group included representatives from government, industry and disability support groups.  Discussion revolved around developing innovative ways to ensure technology protects human rights or all members of the community, encouraging responsible innovation.  Questions explored including Artificial Intelligence, Assistive Technology and issues of responsible innovation and assistive technology for people with disability. The Issues Paper and information about the project on human rights and technology can be located at: Human Rights and Technology Issues Paper (2018).

Human Rights and Technology Issues Paper Discussion Group
Have you considered taking one of our courses in Digital Accessibility?  Leah Napier, Reader Services Librarian for the Spearwood/Cockburn Libraries said of her experience in the Certificate in Digital Accessibility,

“This is probably the only certificate from a work training course that I actually want to have displayed somewhere at my desk!”

Register your interest in an upcoming course by contacting us at

Upcoming Events Green Calendar Icon Graphic

Perth Web Accessibility Camp

12th February, 2019
VisAbility, Perth

Additional information regarding the Camp including keynote speakers and sponsors will be coming soon.

Call for presentations

The Perth Web Accessibility Camp (PWAC) Committee would like to invite people interested to present at the Camp on 12 February 2019 to submit a presentation abstract. Presentations should be no more than 25 minutes for full presentations. Shorter presentations are welcome too. The term ‘presentation’ is very broad – it can be a formal presentation, chat, demo, something you found interesting related to disability and technology that you just want to talk about or something completely different – it’s all up to you.

Important dates:

  • Call for Presentations announcement: 29 October 2018
  • Presentation submissions close: 18 January 2019
  • Programme finalised: 25 January 2019
  • Camp itself: 12 February 2019

To submit your presentation, just send an e-mail to with the following information:

  • Topic title
  • Name of presenter(s)
  • Organisation/affiliation (if applicable)
  • A short description of your topic, no more than 50 words
  • A short description of presenter(s), no more than 50 words
  • Presentation facilities required

34th CSUN Assistive Technology Conference

11-15th March, 2019
Anaheim Marriott in Anaheim, USA

More information about CSUN here

16th International Web for All Conference (W4A’19)

13-15th of May, 2019
San Francisco, USA

This year’s theme is "Personalization – Personalizing the Web".

Submissions for papers for the conference are due 27th of January, 2019. All topics related to web accessibility are welcome as are papers dealing with wider aspects of digital accessibility and universal access.

More information about W4A here

W4A is co-located with the 27th International World Wide Web Conference (WWW’19)

More information about WWW'19 here

Are we friends yet? Friend Icon

If you haven't already, take a look at our Facebook page for daily updates and some excellent accessibility articles and resources, there really is a lot on there. We also have a Twitter feed, as well as LinkedIn. All these links are below for future reference, so have a click around, and share this with your friends.

Please do remember to take a moment to look at our website and as always, we look forward to hearing your thoughts, comments and any feedback you may have!
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