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Mid-Summer 2016 MPCD Newsletter                                    View this email in your Web Browser

Mid-Summer 2016 News

Fall Tree Seedling & Perennial Sale, Credit Cards, Community Chipping Program, Colorado Noxious Weed Act, Forest Management Assistance, Importance of Pollinators, Lake Granby Spill Stats, Hay Testing & Hay Making Tips, Zeedyk Structure Workshop, Hottest June on Record, Wildfire and Equipment Use, Horse Sweat, Source Water Protection

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Contact the Middle Park Conservation District at anytime by calling the office at 970.724.3456 or Katlin's cell at 970.531.0127.

 

    Fall Tree Seedling & Perennial Sale!


The Middle Park Conservation District and the CSFS Nursery have once again decided to do a Fall Tree Seedling and Perennial Sale.  Fall can be a great time to plant trees and perennials because:

 
a) Seedlings have time to establish a good root system before summer
b) Seedlings can take full advantage of spring runoff
c) Less water is required initially because days are cooling off rather than warming up
d) You don't have to wait until the snow melts off to plant them (as is often the case in the spring)

 
Deadline to order is August 25th.  Trees will be delivered to Granby on August 31st and to Frisco on September 1st.  That way you can plant them over Labor Day Weekend.
 
We are selling most species that are typically offered in the spring, with the exception of the Bare Root Trees. 
 
For more information, call Katlin at
970-531-0127 or middleparkcd@gmail.com for more info. 

Now Accepting Credit Cards


The Middle Park Conservation District has finally embraced 21st century technology (much to the Mark's distaste...the guy who doesn't even own a personal cell phone).

We can now accept credit card payments for all transactions.  Folks who wish to pay with a CREDIT CARD, will be subjected to a 3.4% convenience fee to offset the cost of credit card processing. 


Contact Katlin with questions.  970-531-0127
FREE Community Chipping Days:
August 6th and August 20th
 
The Grand County Wildfire Council will be hosting thethe last two of its four Community Chipping Days on...
  • Saturday, Aug 6th (8am-5pm): Hot Sulphur Springs @ 51620 US Highway 40
  • Saturday, Aug 20th (8am-5pm) Kremmling @ Old Park Fire Station at 31 GCR 1935
There will be signs on the main roads directing you to the sites. 

Pre-registration is preferred, but not required.  Pre-register by emailing bewildfireready@gmail.com with your name, address, and intended drop-off location.

In order to participate in the chipping program, you must be a Grand County home or property owner/renter.  No commercial slash will be allowed.  Accepted materials include trees, tree branches, small diameter logs, and brush.  All materials should be cut away from root mass.

The following restrictions apply:
  • No logs or branches with a diameter greater than 12 inches
  • No construction, building or other man-made materials
  • No lumber, fence posts or signs
  • No roots, rootwads, stumps or anything else that grows below the soil
  • No materials that contain dirt, sand, gravel or rocks
  • No materials that contain any metal (nails, screws, fencing), string or other man-made materials
  • No herbaceous / non-woody plant material
  • No willow trees/branches/bushes
Visit www.bewildfireready.org for more info on Wildfire Prevention, Preparedness, Mitigation, and Survival. 
Colorado Noxious Weed Act

Did you know that Colorado has an entire law about noxious weeds and their management?

The law is called the "Colorado Noxious Weed Act".  The first noxious weed legislation was passed in 1990.  The present bill was passed in 2003.

Why does Colorado have a Noxious Weed Act? 
According to the act itself, "Noxious weeds are a threat to Colorado’s natural resources.  Thousands of acres of cropland, rangeland, wildlife habitat and native plant communities are being destroyed by noxious weeds each year."
 
Colorado State Law states,
“It is the duty of ALL persons to use integrated methods to manage noxious weeds if the same are likely to be materially damaging to the land of neighboring landowners.”

 
Noxious Weeds in Colorado are categorized into one of the following “Lists” according to their statewide distribution and need for management.
  • "List A" species are rare and are subject to ERADICATION wherever detected statewide in order to protect neighboring lands and the state as a whole.
  • "List B" species have discrete statewide distributions that are subject to ERADICATION, CONTAINMENT, OR SUPPRESSION in portions of the state designated by the commissioner in order to stop the continued spread of these species.
  • List "C" species are widespread and well-established noxious weeds for which CONTROL IS RECOMMENDED but not required by the state, although local governing bodies may require management.
Grand County has 3 List A species, 21 List B species, and 3 List C species. 
See Grand County's Noxious Weeds List
 
Contact Grand County DNR (Amy Sidener or Dick Broady) with questions about Noxious Weed Identification and Management.  970-887-0745

 
Don't forget the free HERBICIDE GIVEAWAY, provided by Grand County DNR, at the County Shop in Granby (469 E. Topaz) on Fridays from 9-noon.  You must bring your own backpack sprayer.

Colorado State Forest Service
is Here to HELP!!!

(Written by Ron Cousineau, District Forester, Granby CSFS (970-887-3121) 


Colorado State Forest Service foresters are available to assist forest landowners with determining timber values and potential for harvest
Grand County lodgepole pine forests are rapidly falling apart after the beetle-killed trees have been standing dead for 12 plus years.  Despite the high amount of mortality and the condition of the standing dead trees, there is still a demand for the wood.

Grand County is fortunate to have a stable and vibrant timber industry.  CSFS Granby District is working hard to improve forest condition, supply the local timber industry, and maximize wood value to the landowner. 
Yes, the standing dead lodgepole pine still has value.  But, the window of opportunity to maximize that value is closing.  Landowners interested in improving their forest condition should contact the Colorado State Forest Service for an evaluation of timber value and potential for harvest before the window of opportunity closes.
 
Contact the Granby District Office at 970-887-3121 for more information.

The Importance of Pollinators


Did you know?

It is estimated that there as many as 200,000 species of pollinators on Earth, including a variety of birds, bees, wasps, bats, butterflies, moths, beetles, and other small mammals.  By spreading pollen from one flower to the next, pollinators provide the necessary link for reproduction in up to 85% of the world’s flowering plants (~250,000 species).  The list of species includes, but is not limited to, alfalfa, almonds, apples, beans, black pepper, blueberries, canola, carrots, cherries, chocolate, clover, coffee, melons, peaches, potatoes, pumpkins, tomatoes, vanilla, cotton, and tequila. 

“It has been suggested that one out of every 3 mouthfuls of food and beverages we eat or drink is delivered to us by pollinators.  Furthermore, many of the minerals and vitamins essential to our health are produced by pollinated plants.  One pollinator specialist was quoted saying, “we certainly wouldn’t starve to death if we lost all of our pollinators, but we sure would be eating a lot more oatmeal.”  Finally, the Pollinator Partnership estimates that the work of pollinators contributes $40 billion worth of US product annually.  This value includes indirect products, such as beef and milk, produced from cattle that are fed alfalfa (a plant that requires pollination to reproduce and thrive).    

Though pollinators are very important to plants, animals, and people alike, sadly, pollinator populations are on a downhill slide worldwide.  As of 2012, there were 3 species of bats, 6 species of birds, and 35 species of insects listed under the US Endangered Species Act as Threatened or Endangered.   Furthermore, at least 185 species are considered threatened or extinct worldwide by the World Conservation Union.  Pesticide and herbicide exposure, parasites, habitat loss and fragmentation, nonnative and invasive plant species, and climate change are all possible causes of decline. 

Read Katlin's Full Article on the Importance of Pollinators!
Lake Granby Spill Ends
The following article was published in Northern Water's July 2016 E-Waternews.  E-Waternews is a publication put out by Northern Water Conservancy District to discuss water projects and issues.  I am including this article because it discusses Lake Granby and Willow Creek Reservoir releases...just thought it would be of interest to many of you.
 
Lake Granby spilling at 1_170 cfs on June 23
Lake Granby spilling at 1,065 cfs on June 23.
"Northern Water staff began making preemptive water releases from Lake Granby on June 20 to make room for runoff from quickly melting snowpack. This marked the third year in a row that Lake Granby has filled and spilled, and the 18th time since 1957. The spill officially ended July 6. The total amount spilled was 11,600 acre-feet with a maximum spill rate of 1,065 cubic feet per second. Additionally, 7,000 AF spilled from Willow Creek Reservoir."

Hay Analysis & Hay Making Tips


As a friendly reminder, the Middle Park Conservation District has a hay corer available for use. 

Hay Cores provide invaluable information about your hay quality.  The results you’ll get from a simple forage test  will be similar to that of a Nutrition Label on the back of your favorite food.  You will know exactly what you are feeding your livestock, and what, if anything, your animals are missing in their diets.

For example, rumen bugs require a crude protein of at least 7% to stay alive and active.  
Does your hay have a crude protein content of 7% or higher?  If not, you may need to feed an additional protein supplement.
 

Hay Samples are very easy to take and the cost of testing is ONLY $20!!!


Call our office at 970.724.3456 for more information or to borrow our hay corer.  

Also, I know I mentioned these Hay Making Tips in last year's Mid-Summer Newsletter, but I thought they were valuable enough to repeat...

1) Cut hay later in the day to maximize sugar content.
2) Decrease your drying time by setting your mower width to the widest possible setting.
3) If you must ted your hay, do so the morning after mowing and once the dew is off but while the hay is still tough.  Also rake the hay when it is slightly tough. 
4) Only bale hay with a moisture content of 20% or less for small bales and 18% or less for large bales.
5) If putting up a mix of immature and mature or overly mature hay, stack it in separate stacks according to high or low quality. 

Would you like to see the MPCD host a Zeedyk (Rock Dam) Stucture Workshop?

 

I wrote about Zeedyk Structures (Rock Dam Structures) in the Spring 2016 Newsletter. They are rock structures designed to accomplish grade stabilization and repair the altered and degraded habitat (mostly headcut areas). 
 
We are trying to figure out the landowner interest in attending a workshop on "Building Zeedyk Structures" in the spring of 2017. 

 
This workshop would address landforms, types and causes of erosion and how to recognize restoration opportunities and feasibility of different types of treatments, both handmade and machine built. This includes how to build and install treatments correctly, assess logistical issues, equipment needs, materials, permitting, monitoring, maintenance and repair or modification of past projects.

If you'd like to attend a "Building Zeedyk Structures" Workshop, please click the button below to provide us with your contact info!
 
I'd Like to Attend the Zeedyk Structure Workshop
2016: Hottest June on Record!!!

"According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), June 2016 was 1.62 degrees F above the 20th century average, breaking last year’s record for the warmest June by 0.04 degrees F. The average sea surface temperature was also at a record high in June. Thus far in 2016, the average global temperature was 1.89 degrees F above the 20th century average. In addition, this was the highest temperature for this 6-month period, surpassing the 2015 record by 0.36 degrees F."


Read the Full Report from the USDA Water & Climate Update  (July 21, 2016)
Wildfires and Equipment Use
We all know the Smokey Bear saying, "Only you can prevent forest fires."  Though Mother Nature does create her own forest fires from time to time, most wildland fires are human-caused  (whether intentional or unitentional).  In fact, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), reports that Lightning causes 16% of forest, woods or wildland fires but only 4% of all natural vegetation fires. Additionally, 1 in 5 brush, grass, and forest fires is intentionally set.

The following information comes from California's Wildland Fire Coordinating Group (CWCG).  Though California is facing a more severe drought than Colorado, the safety tips are still valuable and should be considered by all. 

Lawn mowers, weedeaters, chain saws, grinders, welders, tractors, and trimmers can all spark a wildland fire.

Here’s how to Stay Safe while using Equipment:
  • Do all yard maintenance that requires a gas or electrical motor before 10 a.m. DO NOT do yard maintenance in the heat of the day, or when the wind is blowing!
  • Lawn mowers are designed to mow lawns. Never use lawn mowers in dry vegetation.
  • Use a weed trimmer to cut down dry weeds and grass.
  • Remove rocks in the area before you begin operating any equipment. A rock hidden in grass or weeds is enough to start a fire when struck by a metal blade.
  • Keep the exhaust system, spark arresters and mower in proper working order and free of carbon buildup. Use the recommended grade of fuel and don’t top off.
  • Keep the engine free of oil and dust, and keep the mower free of flammable materials.
  • If welding, be sure to have 10 feet of clearance, a 46” round point shovel, and a backpump water-type fire extinguisher ready to use.
  • Hot exhaust pipes and mufflers can start fires you won’t even see, until it’s too late!
  • Don’t pull off into dry grass or brush.
  • Keep a cell phone nearby and call 911 immediately in case of a fire

 Horse Sweat…What Do You Know About It?

 The following information comes from an article in the “EquiNews”, an e-newsletter published by Kentucky Equine Research (KER)

We all know horses sweat when they’ve been working hard, but have you every stopped to analyze the consistency of the sweat? 
Is it thin and watery, or thick and foamy?

According to the report from Kentucky Equine Research, horse sweat contains both electrolytes and a foaming protein called “latherin”.  Latherin aids in cooling by moving sweat from the skin, through the hair, to the surface of the coat.  You will most notice latherin’s foaming properties in areas of direct contact (where two body parts touch or the where tack rubs).  Though no one knows the true reason that latherin is produced in horses, many people believe that poor fitness and a diet rich in protein may factor into it. 

Nevertheless, animal nutritionists suggest feeding horses that sweat often a diet full of broad-spectrum electrolytes.  A good electrolyte mix will include sodium, chloride, potassium, and possibly magnesium and calcium.  Preferably, you should choose an electrolyte that lists sugar low on the list of ingredients.  Though high sugar electrolytes may taste better, they may also be lacking adequate concentrations of desired minerals. 

Additionally, horse experts suggest rinsing off and brushing horses after intense workouts to prevent dried sweat buildup.  If sweat is allowed to remain, it could be damaging to coat.  Make sure to pay special attention to areas where two body parts come into contact (the armpits, between the back legs, and under the tail).                                               

Read the full article

Source Water Protection

Information provided by Colorado Rural Water Association
 
Source Water Protection is a PROACTIVE approach to preventing the pollution of lakes, rivers, streams and groundwater that serve as sources of drinking water. Source water protection is a NON-REGULATORY program that focuses on stakeholder involvement, education, and awareness.
 
Source Water Protection was founded on the concept that informed citizens, equipped with fundamental knowledge about their drinking water source(s) and the threats to it, will be the most effective advocates for protecting this valuable resource. It came about when the Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment (CDPHE) created Colorado’s SWAP Program under the 1996 mandate in the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments. In 2004, CDPHE created Source Water Assessment Reports for all public water systems in Colorado to help with the development and implementation of individual Source Water Protection Plans. Colorado Rural Water Association (CRWA) currently receives funding from the USDA and the CDPHE to assist public water systems with the development and implementation of their Source Water Protection Plans.

Source Water Protection is important in order to protect a valuable resource, protect public health, reduce risk of contamination, reduce cost for treatment, avoid expensive cleanup costs, coordinate land use, protect real estate values, encourage business development, secure tax revenues, increase job opportunities, as well as improve recreation and tourism revenue.
 
Steps for creating a Source Water Protection Plan include:
  1. Identify Stakeholders to be involved in a steering committee
  2. Delineate a Source Water Protection area around a drinking water intake
  3. Inventory and prioritize potential sources for contamination
  4. Identify Best Management Practices (BMPs) to be implemented
  5. Write a Source Water Protection Plan
  6. Implement the Plan
  7. Evaluate the plan and adapt as needed
More information about Source Water Protection and ways you can get involved in source water protection planning can be found at CRWA or by calling CRWA at 719-545-6748.


 
The content of this newsletter is for Educational Purposes ONLY.  We have attempted to site opinions, beliefs and viewpoints from various sources and professionals.  These opinions do not necessarily reflect the opinions, beliefs and viewpoints of the Middle Park Conservation District or its Board of Supervisors/Employees.  It is always recommended that you seek independent advice before implementing new management practices.
Copyright © 2016 Middle Park Conservation District, All rights reserved.


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