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Winter 2017 Newsletter
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Winter 2017 News


Tree Seedlings Running Out, Scholarships for Graduating Seniors, Annual Stockgrower's Meeting, MPCD/MPSG Annual Dinner, 2017 Annual Plan of Work and Budget,  Riparian Use by Cattle, Arctic Bees, Fire and Water, Ag in China, Nutrition 2.0, Water Workshop in Glenwood, Grand County Wildfire Council Meeting

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Contact the Middle Park Conservation District at anytime by calling the office at 970.724.3456 or Katlin's cell at 970.531.0127
Tree Seedlings are Running Out Fast...

GET THEM WHILE YOU CAN!!!

Through our Tree Seedlings and Perennials Sale you can order a variety of species from the Colorado State Forest Service Nursery in Fort Collins.  Trees, shrubs, and perennials will be delivered in May of 2017 to both Frisco and Granby.  PRICES OF SEEDLINGS ARE VERY REASONABLE.

That being said, the Nursery's inventory is getting low and some of the species have already sold out.  The Middle Park Conservation District was able to reserve some species in limited quantity before they sold out.

However, we can only hold this reserved stock for so long.  It will have to be returned before March 2017.

If interested in ordering tree seedlings, shrubs, or perennials from MPCD this spring, we ENCOURAGE YOU TO ORDER VERY SOON.


Spring Order Form

Feel free to email middleparkcd@gmail.com with any questions.
Scholarships for Graduating Seniors

Both Middle Park Conservation District and Middle Park Stockgrowers Association will be offering scholarships to graduating seniors this year. 


The Middle Park Conservation District will award one scholarship in the amount of $500 to a graduating senior in West Grand, East Grand, or Summit, including home-schooled students.  Applicants should be planning to continue his/her education at any college/university, vocational or trade school in the arenas of Natural Resource Management, Conservation, or Agriculture.
MPCD Application


The Middle Park Stockgrowers will award one scholarship in the amount of $1,000 to a graduating senior in West Grand, East Grand, or Summit, including home-schooled students.  Applicants should be planning to continue his/her education at any college/university, vocational or trade school in the arena of Agriculture, including but not limited to agronomy, agricultural business, animal science, equine science and natural resource management.
Stockgrowers Application
MPSG/MPCD
Annual Dinner


Saturday, February 18th
The Moose Cafe in Kremmling


Doors Open @ 5
MPCD Presentation @ 5:40
Dinner @ 6

 
Dinner will feature Buffet style, Smoked Prime Rib, Smoked salmon, Potato, Veggie, Roll, Salad and Dessert. Coffee, tea, and sodas included, with the alcohol as a cash bar.


Cost: $33 per plate

Limited to 80 attendees

2017 Registration Form

 
Riparian Use by Cattle

(Summary of an article by Eric Mortenson of Capital Press, published on January 4, 2017)

A five-year study by researchers from Oregon State University suggests that riparian use by cattle may be less than we think.  


The researchers GPS-collared cattle from three different herds that grazed USFS allotments in Oregon.  Over the course of the study, the researchers determined that cattle only spent 1-2.5% of their time in streams or riparian buffer areas.  According to the researchers, cattle use riparian areas to "drink and cross" but NOT to "graze or rest".  Grazing and resting was typically done on the higher and drier ground. The researchers also determined that "cows used 10 to 25 percent of the stream area in each grazing allotment", suggesting that much of the stream was not visited by cattle at all.  Lastly, sections of stream utilization varied by season, with more utilization occurring in the heat of the summer rather than in the spring.  


To conclude, the researchers emphasize that "cattle impact on riparian areas isn’t for very long, and it isn’t for all of the stream.”


Full Article by Capital Press
Middle Park Stockgrowers
Annual Meeting


Friday, February 17th
2pm
CSU Extension Hall
in Kremmling

 
2017 Annual Plan of Work and Budget

Are you interested in seeing what the MPCD Board of Supervisors has planned for the District in 2017 or what we expect our revenues and expenditures to be?

If so, check out our

2017 Annual Plan of Work here
and our 2017 Budget here.

You can also see what we accomplished in 2016 here.
Arctic Bumblebees
(Summary of article published in the NY Times on October 7, 2016)

The last several days have been extremely cold here in Middle Park.  At times, the frigid temperatures have made it seem like we are in the Arctic.  BUT, could you imagine being a BUMBLEBEE living in the Arctic?

A team of six scientists spent the summer searching out Arctic Bumblebees.  Apparently, bumblebees are the only bees to survive in the Arctic region.  "The have adapted to the darkness of winter and freezing temperatures that drop to 60 below at times."  One bee in particular, Bombus polaris, lives closer to the North Pole than any other bee.  It survives by shivering its muscles to increase its body heat.  Furthermore, "It doesn’t just stay warm enough to fly. Dr. Heinrich suggested in his research that a spring queen warms up her ovaries to jump-start the production of eggs to be fertilized with sperm stored in her body since the previous fall."

Read the entire article.


Fire & Water
(Summary of article written by Stephanie Worley Firley, EFETAC)

We know from past fires that water runoff often increases after an intense wildfire burns through an area.  It is not uncommon to have catastrophic floods and mudslides due to the lack of vegetation that would normally stabilize the soil and absorb the rainfall. 

However, the long-lasting effects of wildfire on annual water yield is less understood.  Scientists from the U.S. Forest Service Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center, Southern Research Station, U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education have been working on a framework to determine the effects of wildfire on water yield. 

So far, the scientists framework is still in the development phase.  The researchers intend to study more watersheds throughout the US to boost their data set and better understand the complex interactions between fire and water. 

However, from the three case studies they've done so far, it appears that wildfire may actually INCREASE a burned area's annual water yield. 

View the entire article
Agriculture in China
 
As many of you know, I (Katlin) am an avid traveller.  I have been to all 7 continents and have visited over 20 countries.  

My latest trip was to China, Tibet, and Hong Kong this past November.  During the 23-day tour, my travel companions and I got to see all the highlights of China.  We also got personal insight into agriculture in China through three farmer home visits.  


Here are some interesting points that I learned from my tour guide and the farmers we visited.
 
* Only 16% of China's land area is suitable for farming.
 
* Each village is given a certain amount of land by the government to be used for farming.  Every 3 years, the village does a population count.  The land is subdivided by the total population of that village.  Thus, every 3 years, you may get more land or have land taken away from you depending on the population trend of your village.  

* Many farmers do not actually live on their farmland.  They live in the village and must go to their farmland that is out of town limits in the massive block of land that is share by all the other villagers.  You just have to know which section is yours, as there are no fences. 
 
* The average acreage (nationwide) given to each villager is 1/6 of an acre.  If a family has 6 members, that family (on average) would get 1 acre. 

* Citizens of China are given an ID card when they are born that 'labels' them as either a villager or an urbanite based in the identities of their parents.  Once labeled as a villager or urbanite, the only way to change your identity is to marry someone with the opposite identity or to get a high-level job with a government-run company.  If you are villager, you can work in the city, but you cannot permanently move there until you change your identity to an urbanite.  Because urbanites get many government benefits that villagers do not get (retirement and health care and more), villagers often desire to become urbanites.

 
* One farming family in the Xi'an area has 0.5 acres for a family of six.  That family grows grows 2-3,000 lbs of corn annually.  With supplemental income, that family makes about $5,000 US a year.  That family's electric bill is about $400 US dollars a year.  A more well-off farming family in the Xi'an area makes about $23,000 US dollars a year due to supplemental income of $20,000 US dollars a year.  The husband in that family drives a truck, and the son and daughter are both school teachers for the local village school.

* In China, most of the agricultural products they produce are fruits and vegetables.  They have a few sheep and cattle, but most of the livestock are hogs and poultry.

* In Tibet, they mostly grow winter wheat, barley, potatoes, mustard, grape seed (for oil), sheep, goats, and yaks.  The also have some cattle, but those cattle are a special high altitude breed and are mostly used for milk.  As far as the yaks go, the Tibetans use yaks in almost every way possible.  They eat yak meat, use yak butter for ceremonial purposes, use yaks for plowing and portering, use yak dung to heat their homes, and use yak hides for clothing and shelter.  They also drink yak butter tea daily (I think it tastes disgusting).  I was told that one yak will bring $1,000 US wholesale and $10,000 US retail. 
Nutrition 2.0

This article is a continuation of our nutrition series from our cattle and horse nutrition workshops presented by Dr. Kelcey Swyers in early October.

Cattle Nutrition Facts

~In winter and mid-late gestation, Dry Matter Intake should be 1.5% of body weight.  If protein is supplemented, it will increase the DMI.  Winter feeds should also provide at least 10% crude protein and 55% Total Digestible Nutrients.  In spring and summer, Dry Matter Intake should be 2-2.5% of body weight (due to peak lactation).  Remember, these figures are on a 'dry matter' basis NOT an 'as fed' basis. 

~With regard to winter protein supplement options, you can choose from cake, protein blocks, tubs, alfalfa, or liquid supplements.  Alfalfa is typically the cheapest option, followed by cake, then blocks, and finally tubs.  Though alfalfa is cheapest option, Dr. Swyers warns not to feed straight alfalfa because it passes too quickly and the cow will not absorb enough nutrients.  You should cut it with hay.  Dr. Swyers also noted that roughly 20% of the herd will not eat self-feeding protein supplements like blocks and tubs. 

~When you nutrient deprive cows in late gestation, calves are born with a diabetic type appetite and gain weight quickly.  Calves are metabolically programmed to accumulate and store nutrients whenever available.  This type of metabolism is okay for terminal calves but is not ideal for replacement heifers and bulls.  Replacements heifers that are born with a diabetic appetite may experience decreased fertility and have a propensity to not breed back as quickly as other replacement heifers. 

~Cows fed a poor mineral program will have calves that have fewer antibodies and reduced immunity.  Cows will also have less nutritious colostrum. 



Horse Nutrition Facts

~ Winter adjustments for horses include: increase energy requirements by 1% for every degree below 18 degrees Fahrenheit.

~In the winter, if feeding in a free-choice feeder, increase your hay rather than your concentrate feed because horses get more metabolic heat from microbial fermentation of hay than they do from concentrate feeds.

~In the winter, make sure you have adequate supply of salt and water. This will help prevent colic and dehydration.  You should also provide decent wind breaks.

~You can feed a lot of fat to horses without causing harm. They do not have a rumen, and they constantly secrete bile to digest the fat.  Ideally, fat should be fed in a pelleted form rather than in grain form because grain also contains a lot of sugar and starch.

~Molasses is an okay source of fat because it is a byproduct in which the sugar has been removed.  Other good sources of fat include: vegetable oil, soybean oil, rice bran, flax seed, and whole sunflowers.  

Water Workshop in Glenwood

The Colorado Ag Water Alliance (CAWA) is hosting a water workshop for producers in the Colorado River Basin on
January 31, 2017 at 10AM-2PM in Glenwood Springs at the Glenwood Springs Community Center. 

It’s a free event and lunch is provided.


The Colorado Water Plan aims to address the water needs of cities, agriculture and the environment in light of projected shortages. Agriculture is a focus.

What are alternative transfer methods? What’s the motivation for farmers and ranchers to participate in leasing or to improve irrigation efficiency? What are the barriers?

 Brief, highly focused presentations and panel dialogue will cover the basics, followed by opportunity for Ag producers to ask questions and engage in dialogue about what they see as opportunities and barriers—and how those barriers and opportunities might best be addressed.

Free event but register at www.coloradoag.eventbrite.com

Grand County Wildfire Council Meeting



The quarterly Steering Committee Meeting of the Grand County Wildfire Council will be held on

Thursday, January 19th

11:30 am
Grand Fire Headwaters
60500 Hwy 40, Granby

Lunch will be provided!!!


We will talk about creating a Fire Adapted Community and present the Board's Annual Plan of Work for 2017.

Everyone is welcome!!!

Contact bewildfireready@gmail.com with questions.


Check out the GCWC website at
www.bewildfireready.org




 
The content of this newsletter is for Educational Purposes ONLY.  We have attempted to site opinions, beliefs and viewpoints from various sources and professionals.  These opinions do not necessarily reflect the opinions, beliefs and viewpoints of the Middle Park Conservation District or its Board of Supervisors/Employees.  It is always recommended that you seek independent advice before implementing new management practices.
Copyright © 2017 Middle Park Conservation District, All rights reserved.


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