|Five Economics Phds graduate in March
“A structural approach to modelling South African labour market decisions.”
This study applies sophisticated econometric models to the labour market. High employment mobility amongst black youths is found to be the result of misclassification error or unobserved individual heterogeneity. Instead of accepting self-reported reservation wages, a job search model recovers reservation wages consistent with observed behaviour. The role of education in labour market outcomes is then investigated through a dynamic programming model that mimics schooling decisions for forward-looking optimising agents.
“A demographic history of Settler South Africa.”
In her dissertation, Jeanne Cilliers uses a novel and large genealogical dataset of settler families in South Africa to investigate the fertility transition, birth spacing and intergenerational mobility of South Africans before unification. Her pioneering results contribute to important debates within the fields of economic history, population studies and development economics.
“Healthcare reform priorities for South Africa: four essays on the financing, delivery and user acceptability of healthcare.”
Anja’s dissertation examined why the South African health system is producing disappointing health outcomes despite relatively high levels of expenditure. She considered how the system is financed, how services are delivered and also how clients experience the services. More specifically, she looked at these questions in the context of the medical schemes market, access to tuberculosis (TB) care services and access to antenatal care services. Her thesis provides insights for health reform on both health financing and service delivery in South Africa.
Hendrik van Broekhuizen
“Graduate employability, returns to higher education,and tertiary enrolment decisions in South Africa.”
This thesis examines the nexus between schools, universities and the labour market. Graduate unemployment is low, and inter-racial variation is explained by types of institution attended. University access, success and dropout are largely explained by matric performance. Universities would only begin to produce enough teacher graduates to satisfy demand within the next decade if current enrolment growth and throughput rates could be maintained.
“An economic perspective on school leadership and teachers’ unions in South Africa.”
School leadership and teacher unions are critical factors in the culture of inefficiency in South African education. Unique administrative and payroll data allow a quantitative profile of the labour market for school principals. A growing number of school principals is retiring, with implications for school performance and appointments. Finally, the author investigates how much student learning is lost because of teacher participation in strikes.