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WESTERN AUSTRALIAN COASTAL NEWS
ISSUE 04  |  AUGUST 2020  |

WELCOME FROM THE CHAIR
 

Hello and welcome to the Winter edition of WA Coastal News,
 
With spring approaching I am sure many of you are looking forward to spending more time on the coast. It has been a busy winter: coastal community, NRM groups and local government authorities have been busy completing their seasonal plantings; Coastwest Grants were awarded, providing support to local governments, community groups, NRM and NGOs to implement coastal management programs; and the second forum of the WA Coastal and Marine Community Network (CMCN) was held.
 
These activities are summarised below along with coastal news from around the State and beyond. If you would like to know more about any of the stories, please contact: austcoastsocwa@gmail.com
 
Thanks again to all of our contributors to this issue:  the value of WA Coastal News is a direct function of breadth and depth of the contributions received.
 
I hope you enjoy the last of the winter beach days as we head into Spring.
Kind Regards,
 
Carmen Elrick-Barr
ACS WA State Chair

Sign up to the ACS WA Mailing List
ACS WA Highlights: What has happened this season?
  • ACS WA facilitated the second forum of the WA Coastal and Marine Community Network (CMCN) on 23 July 2020. If you missed it, you can watch it here.
  • Analysis of the Coastal Erosion and Inundation Survey has commenced: see Governance news for a short summary of the results so far.
  • ACS WA participated in the WA Landcare Network’s ‘Landcare Checks In’ session on 12 August, which focussed on the CMCN: you can watch it here.
  • WA Coastal News received Coastwest Funding to expand its breadth and reach. We are looking for an experienced Content Creator to lead production of the newsletter over the next 12 months. The Content Creator will build networks with coastal stakeholders in Western Australia (governance, research and community) and apply these to share news, projects, programs and activities occurring along the WA coast. If you have skills in communications and network building, and would like to know more about the role, contact: austcoastsocwa@gmail.com

GOVERNANCE

 

State Government Funding for Coastal Management

The recently awarded Coastwest Grants will provide support to local governments, community groups, NRMs and NGOs to implement coastal management activities and programs to plan, protect, manage and enhance Western Australia's coastal areas, from dune restoration to capacity building and networking. This year’s grants included:  
  • 21 Coastwest grants worth $357,854
  • 4 Coastal Management Plan Assistance Program grants totalling $277,610.
See the full list of successful recipients.
 
In addition, Coastal Adaptation and Protection Grants have been awarded to local governments to undertake coastal monitoring and investigate the feasibility of coastal protection measures. The successful recipients are listed here.
 
Finally, $5 million has been allocated to four high-priority coastal erosion hotspots through the States $5.5 billion Recovery Plan, including:
  • $3.25 million to the City of Fremantle for the Port Beach large-scale sand nourishment project;
  • $500,000 to the City of Wanneroo for Quinns Beach groyne construction;
  • $600,000 to the City of Greater Geraldton for Drummond Cove groyne construction and sand nourishment; and
  • $650,000 to the City of Rockingham for Point Peron coastal management including sand management and spur groyne refurbishment construction works. 
See the Minister's statement for more details.
 
 

Coastal Erosion and Inundation: A WA Perspective


At the 9th meeting of State Environment Ministers (Nov 2019), coastal erosion and inundation were acknowledged as risks that require a collaborative approach from all levels of government. Ministers agreed to establish an intergovernmental working group to collate existing information on coastal erosion and inundation hazard risk management and propose a collaborative approach for consideration at a future meeting of environment ministers. As noted in the last edition of WA Coastal News, the WA branch of ACS developed a survey to gather WA coastal stakeholder views on coastal erosion and inundation with the objective of providing the WA context to the intergovernmental committee.  The survey received over 60 responses and analysis is currently underway. Some preliminary results include:
  • 50% of respondents were from community groups, 16% local government, 14% non-government organisations.
  • For 80% of respondents, coastal erosion was a very (26%) or extremely important (54%) issue to them/their organisation. In contrast, 64% of respondents noted coastal inundation was very or extremely important.
  • 74% of respondents had taken action to respond to coastal erosion or inundation. Almost a quarter had undertaken dune restoration activities or collaborated with other agencies to coordinate action. Only 10% of respondents noted action involving updating or modifying plans (coastal management or land use plans).
  • When respondents were asked what they needed to better respond to coastal erosion and inundation, key themes raised, in order of priority, included:
    • Additional resources, including: more funding for coastal facilitators to implement management programs and to seek expert coastal engineering advice (for example); plus, greater support from Federal and State government in terms of resourcing, coordination and policy.
    • Greater coordination across three levels of government, and between local government and community groups.
    • Dedicated coastal legislation to ensure up-to-date coastal management plans and improved planning (with reference made to the NSW coastal governance model).
    • Increased education and knowledge for: those responsible for coastal management within local government authorities; members of coastal community groups; and the broader community.A particular focus was on knowledge regarding coastal processes and response.
    • Greater commitment to, and interest placed on, the coast, by State government, local government authorities, and the broader community.
The survey complements another larger survey undertaken for the same purpose by the Australian Coastal Councils Association (ACCA), which targeted local governments nationally. The WA survey results will be compiled into a short policy brief for WA State departments and other interested stakeholders over the coming months.
 
 

Examining Post Storm Impacts to Inform Coastal Management

The Peron Naturalise Partnership (PNP) undertakes biannual oblique aerial surveys with assistance from UWA as part of its Regional Monitoring Program. The program aims to build capacity of local governments and provide data to assist decision making on issues relating to climate change and coastal risk.  The PNP had an opportunity to monitor coastal changes as a result of the 1-in-10 year storm event (ex-tropical cyclone Mangaa) that occurred in May this year. Data from events such as this will assist the PNP and its nine local government members in decision-making by identifying coastal areas at risk (short- and long-term) from coastal hazards. Oblique aerial images collected since 2014 are available on the WA Coastal Images website.

 

EPBC Act Review Interim Recommendations

On 29 October 2019 the statutory review of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) commenced. Submissions closed in April 2020 and the results of the interim review were released on Monday 20 July. The interim review indicates significant reform is needed to protect Australia's natural environment and biodiversity. This article by Peter Burnett (Australian National University) summarises the interim recommendations and urges caution regarding the Federal governments eagerness to quickly implement reforms that will 'streamline' the environmental approvals process 

Update: Today (28 August) Environment Minister Sussan Ley introduced legislation to pass control of environmental assessments to state governments. A motion put yesterday by Greens Senator Sarah Hanson-Young to delay debate of the legislation until the Samuel EPBC Review has concluded failed to pass, and a vote in the Senate today to refer the legislation to the Environment Senate Committee for inquiry was also defeated.  

 

A Managed Retreat and Climate Change Adaptation Act for NZ

Across the ditch, a review of New Zealand’s Resources Management Act was undertaken and has proposed new legislation; a Managed Retreat and Climate Change Adaptation Act. The two main functions of the Act will be to: (i) provide for managed retreat, powers to change established land uses and to address liability and options for potential compensation; and (ii) establish an adaptation fund to enable central and local government to support necessary steps to address climate change adaptation and reduction of risks from natural hazards.
 
By comparison, Western Australia’s CHRMAP Guidelines (Appendix 4) indicate that planning authorities in Western Australia already have powers, as proposed under point (i) above; however, the establishment of an adaptation fund to support land use changes (ii) is an important new concept that would strengthen efforts to effectively manage the coast.


 
Swan River, East Fremantle

RESEARCH

 

Coastal Research Priorities in WA

Coordinated by the University of Western Australia and involving a collaboration of coastal experts, work is currently underway to prepare a White Paper on the Priorities for Coastal Research in Western Australia.  In September 2019, a workshop hosted by Perth NRM and UWA brought together participants from organisations involved in coastal research, management, planning, and knowledge generation in WA. Discussion focused on identifying coastal knowledge gaps (52 potential research priorities were suggested) which, if addressed, would have a significant impact on enhancing coastal management and planning outcomes in WA. This led to development of an online survey sent to approximately 140 individuals across sectors to vote on the knowledge gaps they believed were highest priority.  The top five priorities include:
  • Investigate ways to more effectively communicate science and expert opinion to the general community to build trust in scientific research
  • Improve integration of social, environmental, and economic values into coastal decision-making frameworks
  • Enhance coastal legislation to support coastal management and planning
  • Develop standardised and coordinated approaches to long-term coastal monitoring
  • Better incorporate environmental values (e.g. ecosystem services) into coastal decision making
The White Paper discusses the Tier 1 research priorities (9 priorities) in detail, outlining: (i) why each is a priority relevant and important to WA; (ii) the current state of knowledge and activities currently underway to address to priority; (iii) gaps and challenges; and (iv) opportunities moving forward. The next issue of WA Coastal News will contain a link to the White Paper, which will be available by October/November 2020.
 

CoastSnap'ing underway - check out the results so far

The first CoastSnap sites in WA are now operational. You can check out the CoastSnap Facebook page, which contains a summary of the images received so far.  A video produced by the University of Western Australia explaining CoastSnap and its role in supporting coastal management is available here.
 

Low-cost wave buoys to enhance Australia's national wave observation network

UWA researchers Professor Ryan Lowe, Dr Jeff Hansen and Dr Michael Cuttler are leading a new project within the Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS) to test and develop methods of integrating low-cost wave buoy technology within in situ observation networks to enhance Australia’s national wave observation network. The project, based at UWA and operated from the Great Southern Marine Research Facility in Albany, is a collaboration between leading waves researchers from the University of Melbourne, Deakin University, CSIRO, the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS), and Sofar Ocean Technologies.
 
As part of the IMOS project, three sites have been chosen to test new low-cost wave buoys against conventional wave buoys; the first site is in Albany in Western Australia, the second in Victorian Coastal Waters, and the third will be off northern Australia. The diverse range of wave, tide and coastal current conditions across the three test sites will enable researchers to trial and assess the performance of the new wave buoy mooring designs.   Overall, the project aims to develop confidence in lower cost wave buoy technology, so that Australia can dramatically expand the number of wave-measurement sites through significant cost reduction. Data from the WA test site  can be observed and downloaded in real-time from www.wawaves.org, while data from all test sites will be available from the Australia Ocean Data Network (AODN; https://portal.aodn.org.au/).  
 

An ARC grant to fund an innovative kelp restoration project

 
“Restoring Blue Forests with Green Gravel” was awarded to UWA researchers. The $425,000 grant, which also includes contributions from the NSW Department of Primary Industries and SeaForester, is dedicated to restoring vulnerable habitats. 
 
Deep reefs used as refuge by marine forests
A new study by researchers at UWA has found that deep marine reefs in Western Australia, formed from large algae, were less affected by an extreme marine heatwave that severely affected shallow ones, so they can be used as a refuge from the impacts of ocean warming. These marine forests are essential marine ecosystems in temperate regions as they provide food and refuge for numerous fish and invertebrates, and sustain important Australian fisheries, such as the Western Rock lobster.
 
UWA expertise to help shape future of Australian oceans
Five UWA researchers have been selected to join the newly established Blue Economy Cooperative Research Centre (based in Tasmania). See https://blueeconomycrc.com.au/ for more info.
 
New Assessment Lists Shark Bay at High Risk from Climate Change
The Shark Bay system is at risk of potential impact from three key climate stressors: air temperature change, storm intensity and frequency, and extreme marine heat events.
 
AMSA Jubliee Career Award
Murdoch Marine Scientist Professor Lynnath Beckley Received the Prestigious Australian Marine Sciences Association (AMSA) Jubilee Career Award for her extensive contribution to marine research in Australia, most recently on marine resource use and the biological oceanography of the Leeuwin Current.
 
Areas of coral diversity identified for conservation in Australia’s North West
New research has confirmed that corals reefs in the Kimberley will not recover quickly from an extreme event, such as mass coral bleaching, unless local populations survive, as most coral larvae do not move >35 kilometres from their home reef. This study provides valuable insights into protecting these biodiverse ecosystems from human pressures, such as overfishing and pollution in Marine Protected Areas and Indigenous Protected Areas.
 
Cape Leeuwin Lighthouse, Augusta (June 2020)

COMMUNITY


WA Coastal and Marine Community Network (WA CMCN)

 
On 23 July the second forum of the WA CMCN was held online via Zoom, hosted by Perth NRM and facilitated by the WA branch of ACS. For those of you that missed the forum, the recording is available here. The forum provided an opportunity to update coastal stakeholders on the progress made on the Network's three focus areas : capacity building (education and training), collaboration (of effort and information), and communication and outreach.  Another key outcome was to establish a CMCN Working Group, to coordinate and support progress across the three focus areas. Nominations were made during the forum, and will be contacted shortly to attend a workshop and further progress the network. 
 
At the forum, Ralph Talbot-Smith (Department of Transport) outlined a potential collaborative framework for the collection of coastal information (e.g. sediment data, photographs, etc). The framework is a regionally constructed model in which organisations can contribute and access information. Moving forward, the Network will seek representatives from coastal regions and primary compartments around the State. Without modifying what existing groups currently achieve in coastal management, each group will be able to feed information into a central data hub which they can use and which may be used to build a wider picture for planning and management purposes. A recent paper published in Frontiers in Environment Science, reflects on the value of such a framework, which moves beyond citizen science towards what the authors term ‘citizen social science’.
 

Our Knowledge Our Way: Indigenous-led guidelines in caring for Country


Best Practice Guidelines, based on 23 case studies in land and sea management from across Australia, are presented in a platform that can be readily accessed by researchers and the broader community. The authors share guidelines and identify ways that research and enterprise development partners can support good knowledge practice when working with Indigenous knowledge, for example, through strong partnership agreements, support for cultural governance arrangements, and protocols. Read more and watch a video here.  
 
Sign up to the CMCN

EVENTS


Many events due to be held in 2020 have been re-scheduled to 2021, including:

Coast to Coast conference
The 2021 Coast to Coast Conference will be held at the Pullman Cairns International, 26 – 29 July 2021.
 
2021 National Landcare Conference and the National Landcare Awards
The 2021 National Landcare Conference and Award events will be held at Sydney's  International Convention Centre, Darling Harbour  on:
  • 4 – 6 August, 2021: National Landcare Conference
  • 5 August, 2021: National Landcare Awards..
 
2021 'Our Coastal Futures' Conference
The Our Coastal Futures conference – “Transitioning towards a respectful custodianship of our oceans and coasts” – will be held on the Gold Coast (Queensland) from 17 to 20 October 2021. More information can be found here: http://www.coastalfuturesconference.com/

National Coastal Hazards Forum- Fremantle 2020 has been postponed.
The Australian Coastal Councils Association has postponed the National Forum on Coastal Hazards as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The event was scheduled to be held at Fremantle from 20 to 22 May. A new date for the Forum will be set once the current coronavirus restrictions have been eased.
 
Coming Soon

Check out AusSeabed's interesting and relevant webinar series
September 24, 2020: Cross sector talks on the applications of seabed mapping (with program strategy activities) — register here
 
Starfish, Swan River East Fremantle (June 2020)

COASTAL NEWS FROM HOME AND ABROAD 


Our backyard - WA coastal news
 

School children from Perth, under the supervision of program coordinator Bruce Ivers, planted 4,000 seedlings in July 2020 to help rehabilitate the Myalup Dunes  The program, funded by a Coastwest grant and the Shire of Harvey, was the brainchild of three school children at Ardross Primary in Perth who wanted to help rehabilitate the environment after the 2016 Yarloop-Waroona bushfires – it evolved from planting around Yarloop to rehabilitating the Myalup coastline in order to reduce the effects of sea-level rise and decrease wind erosion.

A coast being slowly eaten by the ocean: An ABC news special feature (31 July) focusing on the erosion of WA beaches.

 
Our nation - Australian coastal news
 

An ABC News article  on the impacts of sea-level rise on Victoria's Bellarine Peninsula reports that the Victorian Government has instructed councils to plan for a 0.8m sea-level rise by the year 2100. While the City of Greater Geelong has identified 1,614 properties that will face inundation, the Insurance Council of Australia indicates that actions of the sea are one of the most common policy exclusions.
 
Against the tide: storm-battered residents cling to beachfront homes on Australian east coast (July 2020Residents disagree about the best strategy: build a seawall or allow the council to reclaim the land and make it a community resource – there is no easy answer and a solution requires agreement from a number of parties, and no funding model has previously been developed to implement building of the seawalls that some aggrieved residents demand.
 
Scientists discover unusual underwater rivers along Australia's continental shelf
Australia's freshwater is quickly evaporated as a result of its hot, dry summers, so coastal waters can be denser than surrounding ocean water. As a result, the coastal ocean receives suspended and dissolved matter (nutrients, plant and animal matter) as well as pollutants and transports these to deeper ocean, as reported in the recently published paper (open access) in Nature Scientific Reports.
 
Climate change: Coastal erosion 'to threaten more Australian homes' (video)
 

The world - International coastal news

 
An Opinion piece published by Politico.com, provides an interesting summary of the Case for ‘Managed Retreat’ for responding to coastal erosion in the US due to climate change.  The article refers to a recently published comprehensive analysis of the state of flood risk in the US for both coasts and rivers (https://firststreet.org/flood-lab/research/2020-national-flood-risk-assessment-highlights/ ).
 
National Climate Change Risk Assessment for New Zealand (August 2020)
The NZ Ministry for the Environment (MfE) has released the first national climate change risk assessment to help identify where Government needs to prioritise action in order to make New Zealand more resilient. It identifies 43 priority risks covering all aspects of life from ecosystems and communities to buildings and the financial system, and it groups risks according to five value domains: natural environment, human, economy, built environment, and governance. The assessment also identifies the 10 most significant risks that require urgent action in the next six years to reduce their impacts and lays the foundation for a national adaptation plan which will outline the Government’s response to these risks.
 
Tsunami evacuation zones are home to 1 in 10 New Zealanders (August 2020)
NIWA scientists have completed the first national assessment of people and buildings at risk in New Zealand’s tsunami evacuation zones and found that 430,000 people (9% of the population) live in evacuation zones, although the level of threat varies. The assessment is intended to improve evacuation planning and disaster management, especially where population exposure is highest – in Auckland, Canterbury and Bay of Plenty. 
 
The 30-year mortgage faces an unprecedented threat: Climate change (NY Times)
For coastal areas, rising seas and climate change are transforming the classic 30-year mortgage, which has been a fixture of American homeownership. More banks are getting buyers in coastal areas to make down payments of as much as 40% of the purchase price (rather than the traditional 20%) — a sign that lenders have awakened to climate dangers and want to put less of their own money at risk. 
 
The California Coastal Commission is prosecuting landholders who have encroached on public lands and has approved $1.7 million in fines for 33 homeowners whose illegal lawns, hedges, trees, irrigation systems, walkways and fences have extended onto public beaches for decades. Money generated by the fines will go to the state Coastal Conservancy for beach access and restoration, with a request from commissioners that it be spent on educational coastal programs for inland students. 
 
In parts of New York City, images portrayed in the film ‘Managed Retreat’ have become a grim reality (4 July 2020), where sea level rise caused by climate change threatens homes in Queens and Lower Manhattan. City neighborhoods where homes were bought out by the state after Hurricane Sandy, and then demolished, soon returned to nature and were teeming with wildlife. Managed retreat has now become a de facto part of life in areas deemed unsuitable for future development due to flood risk. A combination of city, state and federal funds have enabled the buy-out of about 800 homes in "communities with the highest level of damage and risk."
 
5 Reasons to Organise a Great British Beach Clean in 2020
In the UK, the Marine Conservation Society is giving people five reasons to get onto the beach and participate in clean-ups: (i) to make a real difference, (ii) to stretch those quarantined legs, (iii) to plug the gaps (from previous efforts), (iv) to respond to a new problem (PPE), and (v) to give a voice to the people that care.
 
Winter beach debris, Leighton Beach (July 2020); The Whaling Memorial, Augusta (June 2020)

PUBLICATIONS/REPORTS


AusSeabed July newsletter (#16). Register to receive their regular newsletters:  http://www.ausseabed.gov.au/ 

WAMSI Bulletin, August 2020: This issue includes links to videos about Innovations to save our oceans (hosted by the Australian Academy of Science) and The Ocean-preneurs: Start-ups powered by the Deep Blue
 

 
Peer-reviewed research


All the publications described below are freely available to access, just click on the title or description. Here we include papers addressing coastal or marine issues in Western Australia, Australia and Internationally – happy reading!
 


Western Australia

 
Enabling Managed Retreat from Coastal Hazard Areas through Property Acquisition and Transferable Development Rights: Insights from Western Australia; Robb et al., Urban Policy and Research, June 2020 (abstract only)
The authors examined the (i) key factors that will likely influence the establishment and implementation of property acquisition and transferable development rights programmes designed to enable managed retreat from coastal hazard areas; and (ii), local government attitudes to and perceptions of the extent to which these factors may influence their successful implementation. The study also identified various challenges that will need to be overcome, as well as potential solutions, in order for local government to successfully implement and enable managed retreat.
 
 

 

 
Australian Articles

 
Australian lessons in coastal adaptation law, a snapshot of Australian coastal policy that is complimentary of the WA policy, by Jan McDonald (Sea Grant Law & Policy Journal, Vol. 10.1, p 29, April 2020).  Coastal values are already at risk from a range of hazards, but while Australia’s coast experiences periodic damage from tropical cyclones, east-coast lows, or mid-latitude depressions, it has yet to experience the large-scale erosion or inundation that has occurred in parts of Europe or the US Atlantic and gulf coasts.
Note: previous issues of this journal contain many relevant articles (mostly US focus) about coastal management, policy and climate change (all available online, free).
 
Kelp beds as coastal protection: wave attenuation of Ecklonia radiata in a shallow coastal bay (Port Phillip, Victoria); Annals of Botany, Volume 125, January 2020, pp 235–246. Kelp beds, valued as biodiversity hotspots, are a dominant habitat-forming species on temperate reefs. While coastal protection from erosion and flooding is a significant ecosystem service provided by vegetated marine systems, the authors conclude that not enough is understood about which kelp species attenuate waves, and under what conditions they provide substantial coastal protection. Additional research is needed to provide managers and policy makers with sustainable and cost-effective solutions for coastal defence under a changing climate.
 
Review of Coast and Marine Ecosystems in Temperate Australia Demonstrates a Wealth of Ecosystem Services. Gaylard et al., Frontiers in Marine Science, Vol 7, 19 June 2020.  This review of ecosystem services (ES) provided by coastal and marine environments throughout temperate Australia reveals that these extensive, diverse and productive ecosystems provide multiple ES, substantial economic value to Australia and contribute to the health and well-being of people who live in, visit or benefit from these regions. While some of these ES are included in traditional economic metrics (e.g. wild-catch fisheries), the authors show that these ecosystems are generally in decline, and regulation and maintenance services, including waste treatment and protecting shorelines from extreme events and sea-level rise, are under-recognized despite their essential value.

 

 

International Articles


A recent paper published in Frontiers in Marine Science, ‘Examining the Potential of Art-Science Collaborations in the Anthropocene: A Case Study of Catching a Wave, describes an art-science collaboration designed to promote change by using art to stimulate conversations regarding coastal sustainability. The approach adopted is  centred on society rather than the more traditional science-policy-practice nexus. You also can find a blog post about the latest workshop hosted by Catching a Wave at the 2020 Ocean Sciences Meeting.
 
A paper in the journal Sustainability titled Circles of Coastal Sustainability: A Framework for Coastal Management, describes an assessment framework that can be used at multiple spatial scales to assess indicators of critical processes that facilitate/constrain sustainability of the world’s coastal zones.
 
Valuation of Ecosystem Services to promote sustainable aquaculture practices, Custódio et al., Reviews in Aquaculture, Volume 12, 1 February 2020, pp 392-405.  Aquaculture is an important area where Ecosystem Services (ES) assessment frameworks could become relevant management tools, because it is an interconnected part of the ecosystem and, under certain circumstances, can support many of the same fundamental ES provided by nature. This study provides a literature review of publications that assessed and valuated ES delivered and/or impacted by aquaculture.
 
Investigating the presence of microplastics in demersal sharks of the North-East Atlantic, by Parton et al., Scientific Reports, July 2020  The study presents the first empirical evidence of ingestion of microplastic and other anthropogenic fibres in four demersal sharks species found in waters of the United Kingdom,  provides an important baseline, and highlights the pervasive nature of these pollutants.
 
Anthropogenic impacts on the contamination of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the coastal environments of the Yellow and Bohai seas, Lu Yang et al., Environment International, February 2020.  Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) are environmental contaminants that are closely connected to anthropogenic activities and mainly transported through aquatic environments before reaching coastal areas and oceans. The authors detected PPCPs in the coastal waters from the Yellow and Bohai seas and found that the ecological risks of exposure to PPCPs in this area were higher compared to other regions of the world, so the management of PPCPs between China and South Korea needs immediate bilateral attention.
 
WHY AN ACS WA NEWSLETTER?

ACS seeks to support information sharing, to contribute to debates on coastal issues, and to promote understanding and knowledge of the WA coast. Through a regular newsletter we hope to provide an avenue for our members and others to share information. Knowledge sharing can uncover synergies and opportunities for collaboration and raise awareness of the amazing work happening along our beautiful coastline. 
 
HOW CAN YOU CONTRIBUTE? 

Please contact 
austcoastsocwa@gmail.com to share information about your coastal area. 
 
WOULD YOU LIKE TO KNOW MORE ABOUT ACS?

Visit: 
https://www.australiancoastalsociety.org/
 
BECOME A MEMBER

As a volunteer, non-profit organisation, ACS needs active membership to drive change. Being a member provides you with access to connect with national coastal networks, leading coastal experts and to be engaged in coastal management discussions. It also enables you to contribute your thoughts, ideas and concerns and drive initiatives, whether they are local or national, and be rewarded with conference and other professional development discounts. 
 
Not ready to become a member, but would love to keep up to date with ACS activities? Contact us and we will place you on the mailing list: 
austcoastsocwa@gmail.com


Photo credits: Carmen Elrick-Barr
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