How large are the educational spending gaps between poor and non-poor students, and which demographic groups face the largest gaps?
University of Delaware assistant professor Kenneth Shores and doctoral student Hojung Lee, along with University of Pennsylvania doctoral student Nell Williams, find that, on average, poor students receive about $400 less in school spending than non-poor students. In their recent Brookings article, the authors show that these gaps occur when we look across the whole country: poor students are more likely to attend schools in states where spending levels are well below the national average.
“Overall, economically disadvantaged and Black and Hispanic students receive less education funding than economically advantaged or white students. These inequalities are substantial,” said Shores, Lee, and Williams. “Black students receive almost $400 per pupil less than white students, and economically disadvantaged students receive $430 less than economically advantaged students. For Hispanic students, the national gap is particularly stark: Hispanic students receive over a thousand dollars less per pupil than white students.”