The research team conducted field surveys in 32 sites spanning across north, west and southern Yunnan. During this project, scientists identified 30 species in total. Out of the 30 species found, 2 species have been classified as endangered, and 4 as vulnerable by IUCN standards. Two new species were also discovered in south and west Yunnan and one species in west Yunnan was a first record for China. However, results from the field surveys show that the distribution of freshwater crabs in the mountain areas of Yunnan has significantly reduced over the past 10 years.
Only 1 out of the 160 protected areas in Yunnan is protected for invertebrates which suggests that the protection for freshwater crabs is majorly deficient. Only habitats of 16 crabs fall under the boundaries of these protected areas, leaving the habitats of 14 species unprotected. Of the 14 species unprotected, 1 is listed as endangered and 3 are listed as vulnerable. Through this project, education materials have been distributed to local communities to increase public awareness and promote the need for biodiversity of freshwater crab species. Additionally, under a new government initiative, many villagers are being translocated into cities which has eased up the water conflict between local villagers and the crabs.